Wild Bill Hickok - Wikipedia

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Gambling in the Old West


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Postby Zulkigor В» 14.01.2020

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James Butler Hickok May 27, — August 2, , better known as " Wild Bill " Hickok , was a folk hero of the American Old West known for his work across the frontier as a drover , wagon master , soldier, spy, scout , lawman, gunfighter , gambler, showman, and actor. He earned a great deal of notoriety in his own time, much of it bolstered by the many outlandish and often fabricated tales that he told about his life. Hickok was born and raised on a farm in northern Illinois at a time when lawlessness and vigilante activity were occurring because of the influence of the " Banditti of the Prairie ".

Hickok was drawn to this ruffian lifestyle and headed west at age 18 as a fugitive from justice, working as a stagecoach driver and later as a lawman in the frontier territories of Kansas and Nebraska. He fought and spied for the Union Army during the American Civil War and gained publicity after the war as a scout, marksman , actor, and professional gambler.

Over the course of his life, he was involved in several notable shoot-outs. In , Hickok was shot from behind and killed while playing poker in a saloon in Deadwood , Dakota Territory present-day South Dakota by Jack McCall , an unsuccessful gambler. The hand of cards which he supposedly held at the time of his death has become known as the dead man's hand : two pair, aces and eights. Hickok remains a popular figure in frontier history.

Many historic sites and monuments commemorate his life, and he has been depicted numerous times in literature, film, and television. He is chiefly portrayed as a protagonist, although historical accounts of his actions are often controversial, and most of his career was exaggerated by both himself and various mythmakers.

While Hickok claimed to have killed numerous named and unnamed gunmen in his lifetime, according to Joseph G. Rosa , Hickok's biographer and the foremost authority on Wild Bill, Hickok killed only six or seven men in gunfights.

Hickok was the fourth of six children. William Hickok died in , when James was Hickok was a good shot from a young age and was recognized locally as an outstanding marksman with a pistol. Photographs of Hickok appear to depict dark hair, but all contemporaneous descriptions affirm that it was red. Red objects appear black in early photographs, as the photographic processes were insensitive to red light.

In , at age 18, James Hickok fled Illinois following a fight with Charles Hudson, during which both fell into a canal each thought, mistakenly, that he had killed the other. Army during the Utah War. While in Nebraska, James Hickok was derisively referred to by one man as "Duck Bill" for his long nose and protruding lips. Most newspapers referred to him as William Haycock until He was arrested while using the name Haycock in He afterward resumed using his given name, James Hickok.

Military records after list him as Hickok but note that he was also known as Haycock. In , he joined the Russell, Majors and Waddell freight company , the parent company of the Pony Express.

In , he was badly injured by a bear while driving a freight team from Independence, Missouri to Santa Fe, New Mexico. According to Hickok's account, he found the road blocked by a cinnamon bear and its two cubs. Dismounting, he approached the bear and fired a shot into its head, but the bullet ricocheted off its skull, infuriating it.

The bear attacked, crushing Hickok with its body. Hickok managed to fire another shot, wounding the bear's paw. The bear then grabbed his arm in its mouth, but Hickok was able to grab his knife and slash its throat, killing it. Hickok was severely injured, with a crushed chest, shoulder and arm. He was bedridden for four months before being sent to Rock Creek Station in the Nebraska Territory to work as a stable hand while he recovered.

The freight company had built the stagecoach stop along the Oregon Trail near Fairbury, Nebraska , on land purchased from David McCanles. McCanles reportedly threatened Wellman, and either Hickok who was hiding behind a curtain or Wellman killed him. Brink, were tried for killing McCanles but were found to have acted in self-defense. McCanles may have been the first man Hickok killed. By the end of , he was a wagon master , but in September he was discharged for unknown reasons.

In late he worked for the provost marshal of southwest Missouri as a member of the Springfield detective police. His work included identifying and counting the number of troops in uniform who were drinking while on duty, verifying hotel liquor licenses, and tracking down individuals who owed money to the cash-strapped Union Army. Buffalo Bill claimed that he encountered Hickok disguised as a Confederate officer in Missouri in Sanborn by early In June, Hickok mustered out and went to Springfield, where he gambled.

While in Springfield, Hickok and a local gambler named Davis Tutt had several disagreements over unpaid gambling debts and their mutual affection for the same women. Hickok lost a gold watch to Tutt in a poker game.

The watch had great sentimental value to Hickok and he asked Tutt not to wear it in public. They initially agreed not to fight over the watch, but when Hickok saw Tutt wearing it, he warned him to stay away. On July 21, , the two men faced off in Springfield's town square, standing sideways before drawing and firing their weapons. Their quick-draw duel was recorded as the first of its kind.

Tutt called out, "Boys, I'm killed" before he collapsed and died. Two days later, Hickok was arrested for murder. The charge was later reduced to manslaughter. At the end of the trial, Judge Sempronius H. Boyd told the jury they could not find Hickok acted in self-defense if he could have reasonably avoided the fight. Several weeks later, an interview Hickok gave to Colonel George Ward Nichols , a journalist known as the creator of the Hickok legend, [32] was published in Harper's New Monthly Magazine.

Under the name "Wild Bill Hitchcock" [ sic ], the article recounted the "hundreds" of men whom Hickok had personally killed and other exaggerated exploits. In September , Hickok came in second in the election for city marshal of Springfield. Leaving Springfield, he was recommended for the position of deputy federal marshal at Fort Riley , Kansas. Custer 's 7th Cavalry. In , Hickok recruited six Indians and three cowboys to accompany him to Niagara Falls , where he put on an outdoor demonstration called The Daring Buffalo Chasers of the Plains.

This angered the buffalo and panicked audience members, causing the animals to break free of their wire fencing and chase audience members, some of which were trampled. Henry M. Stanley , of the Weekly Missouri Democrat , reported Hickock to be "an inveterate hater of Indians", perhaps to enhance his reputation as a scout and Indian fighter, but it is difficult to separate fact from fiction considering his recruitment of Native Americans to cross the nation in order to appear in his own Wild West show.

In July, Hickok told a newspaper reporter that he had led several soldiers in pursuit of Indians who had killed four men near the fort on July 2. He reported returning with five prisoners after killing ten. Witnesses confirm that the story was true to the extent the party had set out to find whoever had killed the four men, [d] but the group returned to the fort "without nary a dead Indian, [never] even seeing a live one".

He became a Deputy U. Hickok was assigned to bring the men to Topeka for trial, and he requested a military escort from Fort Hays. He was assigned William F. Cody , a sergeant, and five privates.

They arrived in Topeka on April 2. Hickok remained in Hays through August , when he brought Cheyenne Indians to Hays to be viewed by " excursionists ". On September 4, Hickok was wounded in the foot while rescuing several cattlemen in the Bijou Creek Basin who had been surrounded by Indians. The 10th Regiment arrived at Fort Lyon in Colorado in October and remained there for the rest of In July , Hickok returned to Hays and was elected city marshal of Hays and sheriff of Ellis County, Kansas , in a special election held on August 23, Hickok may have been acting sheriff before he was elected; a newspaper reported that he arrested offenders on August 18, and the commander of Fort Hays wrote a letter to the assistant adjutant general on August 21 in which he praised Hickok for his work in apprehending deserters.

The regular county election was held on November 2, , and Hickok, running as an independent, lost to his deputy, Peter Lanihan, running as a Democrat, but Hickok and Lanihan remained sheriff and deputy, respectively.

Hickok accused a J. Macintosh of irregularities and misconduct during the election. On December 9, Hickok and Lanihan both served legal papers on Macintosh, and local newspapers acknowledged that Hickok had guardianship of Hays City.

In September , his first month as sheriff, Hickok killed two men. The first was Bill Mulvey, who was rampaging through town, drunk, shooting out mirrors and whisky bottles behind bars. Citizens warned Mulvey to behave, because Hickok was sheriff.

Mulvey angrily declared that he had come to town to kill Hickok. When he saw Hickok, he leveled his cocked rifle at him. Hickok waved his hand past Mulvey at some onlookers and yelled, "Don't shoot him in the back; he is drunk. The second killed by Hickok was Samuel Strawhun, a cowboy, who was causing a disturbance at 1 a. Hickok said he had "tried to restore order". At the coroner's inquest into Strawhun's death, despite "very contradictory" evidence from witnesses, the jury found the shooting justifiable.

On July 17, , Hickok was attacked by two troopers from the 7th U. Lonergan pinned Hickok to the ground, and Kyle put his gun to Hickok's ear. When Kyle's weapon misfired, Hickok shot Lonergan, wounding him in the knee, and shot Kyle twice, killing him. Hickok lost his re-election bid to his deputy.

On April 15, , Hickok became marshal of Abilene, Kansas. The outlaw John Wesley Hardin arrived in Abilene at the end of a cattle drive in early Hardin was a well-known gunfighter and is known to have killed more than 27 men.

Hickok later said he did not know that "Wesley Clemmons" was Hardin's alias and that he was a wanted outlaw. He told Clemmons Hardin to stay out of trouble in Abilene and asked him to hand over his guns, and Hardin complied.

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Postby Fenrir В» 14.01.2020

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Postby Vudogami В» 14.01.2020

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Postby Malagami В» 14.01.2020

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Postby Gogul В» 14.01.2020

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Postby Nazil В» 14.01.2020

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Postby Jujas В» 14.01.2020

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