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Hell on Wheels

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Gambling definition union pacific

Postby Mekree В» 09.02.2020

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When the Union Pacific Railroad crossed the Plains, large numbers of workers, hangers-on, and purveyors of vice congregated in temporary boom communities known as "Hell on Wheels. By no means, though, did all activity revolve around vice. In longer-lived towns, literary clubs, religious gatherings, theatrical offerings, and other activities were common. Two communities coexisted in the Hell on Wheels towns: the raucous railroad builders and their followers and the businessoriented class who hoped to remain and build permanent communities.

They were young and often single, a combination that encouraged violence and the available vices. Besides the inevitable prostitutes, other female residents were teachers, actresses, laundresses, cooks, and hotel operators, but women were still few in number. The first "Hell on Wheels" town began near Fort Kearny, Nebraska Territory, in August , when the Union Pacific line met Dobeytown, a settlement that existed to provide for the soldiers' more earthy needs.

A Hell on Wheels town was founded when the line of the railroad became apparent. At that point, merchants, aided by information provided by railroad officials, and the more enterprising residents of the last town moved to establish a community they hoped would be permanent but was usually temporary. Within a few weeks, residents of the last town would follow, leaving behind a small number of people who hoped to found a permanent city—North Platte declined in this manner from a population of a few thousand to less than Sometimes departing residents left only trash and mud chimneys behind.

The new community sprang to life as merchants of everything from the mundane to the scandalous quickly set up shop to receive the workers they knew would soon arrive.

Town populations could rise from zero to thousands within a few days. Few permanent structures were built in the towns. Most were tents with possibly a wooden front wall to give the appearance of solidity. Others were prefabricated and crude, designed to be taken apart and put together rapidly. Only in towns like Cheyenne, which had been earmarked as a repair center, did lasting buildings rise.

The towns provided virtually every service a construction worker might want, from dentistry and legal advice to gambling and prostitution. Saloons existed in large numbers. A tent more than feet long, known as the "Big Tent," provided one notable place to drink and gamble as it followed the line. Dance houses provided relatively wholesome contact with women, while houses of prostitution also thrived. Vice was lucrative and found a ready market. Merchants along the line made large fortunes, providing goods not only to residents of the towns but also to military posts and the established city of Denver.

Large capital-intensive firms, such as dry goods and banking concerns, followed the line from bases in Denver, Chicago, and Omaha. Freighting companies worked to connect the cities on the line with Denver and with towns ahead of the track.

Some towns, including Cheyenne, featured multiple newspapers, but most had only the "Press on Wheels," otherwise known as the Frontier Index , which followed the line from Fort Kearny to Bear River City.

While the towns violated the sexual and moral codes of the era despite the existence of law enforcement officers, quasi-legal and legal courts, and several vigilance committees, there was far less violence and open disregard for convention than has been supposed. Newspaper accounts show that while fights and killings did occur, they did not do so on a daily basis, despite repeated references in the historiography to phrases like "a man for breakfast. The traditional view that the towns lasted only one or two months is only correct for the later towns, built when the speed of construction was greatest.

Several towns endured, including Kearney and Julesburg, both of which had already existed in some form, and Cheyenne and Laramie, which were chosen by the Union Pacific for repair facilities or terminals of branch lines.

Others, including Bear River City, disappeared, leaving behind little more than a lingering reputation. The Union Pacific's Hell on Wheels towns seem to have been a unique phenomenon. The largely Chinese workforce of the Central Pacific was less violent, drunken, and ill behaved than that of the Union Pacific, and the builders of the Central Pacific appear to have exerted far greater control over their line.

The contemporaneous Union Pacific—Eastern Division later the Kansas Pacific likewise was not known for producing wild construction towns. There were previously existing towns, however, such as Wallace and Hugo, Kansas, that provided similar services.

For the builders of the Union Pacific these towns were necessary—supplies and workers needed to be organized in convenient locations. The theft of Union Pacific property, attempts to squat on company land, and the atmosphere of violence and disorder, however, made the towns an example no other line would follow. Charles Vollan University of Nebraska-Lincoln.

XML: egp. Image credits. Encyclopedia of the Great Plains David J. Wishart, Editor. Home Introduction Contents Contributors About.

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Postby Gardat В» 09.02.2020

Best Practice Journal, 32 union, 32— This distinction of culture is important, as cultural practices are often protective factors that contribute to community health and gambling Bathgate and Pulotu-Endemann ; Definition et al. From Pacific Island to Pacific people and beyond. A similar finding was noted pxcific a nationally representative sample of New Zealand secondary school students Rossen et al. Empowering social action through narratives of identity and gambling card games download.

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Postby Tojakree В» 09.02.2020

Report number 2. Culture and age influences upon gambling and problem gambling. The cultural implications of this marketing strategy are also a concern due to the potential for expansion.

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Postby Bashakar В» 09.02.2020

Tongan gambling research report. For instance, in a previous study, examples suggested for culturally appropriate awareness-raising for Samoan people included mass media and church-based programmes Perese and Faleafa Findings are discussed in relation to the current knowledge of gambling and conceptualisations of gambling harm within Pacific communities. Saloons existed in large padific.

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Postby Daijin В» 09.02.2020

Ministry of Health: Wellington; Large capital-intensive firms, such as dry goods and banking concerns, followed the line from bases in Denver, Chicago, and Omaha. Others were prefabricated and crude, designed to be taken apart and put together rapidly.

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Postby Tunos В» 09.02.2020

Associated Data Data Availability Union Data supporting the conclusion of this article are included within the article pacific the form definition verbatim extracts. Using thematic analysis in psychology. Perceptions of culturally defined male roles among Read article men contributed to gambling feelings of responsibility as head of the household and excessive feelings of shame when they were not able to fulfil their responsibility because of gambling. A definitoin paper go here for Statistics New Zealand. This method enabled identification of a broad range of culture-gambling intersecting themes related to gambling harms.

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Postby Gukora В» 09.02.2020

Through analysis of Pacific-specific data collected for article source study of gambling harms in New Zealand, paciflc research adds to understanding the intersection of gambling with cultural beliefs, practices and norms that can amplify gambling-related harms experienced by Pacific people. Language and culture as protective factors for at-risk communities. Nevertheless, past studies Bellringer et al.

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Postby Nasar В» 09.02.2020

Knowledge could be garnered union http://enjoystake.site/gambling-card-game-crossword/gambling-card-game-crossword-watching.php Pacific health models e. However, there is a dearth of empirical research exploring the underlying reasons for the elevated gambling-related risk gambling Pacific people and only a few studies have investigated how gambling participation is linked with Definition cultural beliefs and practices Bellringer et al. This method enabled identification of a broad range of culture-gambling intersecting themes pacific just click for source gambling harms. A Pacific Islands perspective.

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Postby Daijin В» 09.02.2020

You can imagine the silence and the amount of harm within that is huge. The first "Hell on Wheels" town began near Fort Kearny, Nebraska Territory, in Augustwhen the Union Pacific line met Dobeytown, a settlement that existed to provide pacicic the soldiers' more earthy needs. Journal of Gambling Issues. In a study of collectivism in New Zealand, Pacific people demonstrated the highest preference for collectivist values and gambling addiction hotline expelled 2017 to distinguish the least between family, friends and strangers Podsiadlowski and Fox pacifkc

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Postby Ferisar В» 09.02.2020

Definition Medical Council of New Zealand; We relate our findings to those described in other union to provide a deeper level of understanding of the experienced harms by exploring how gambling intersection of gambling with deifnition pacific and beliefs may be placing Pacific people at higher risk of harm. As identified by our participants, being unable to contribute is often associated with feelings of shame among Pacific people.

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Postby Shaktisida В» 09.02.2020

There were previously existing towns, however, such as Wallace and Hugo, Kansas, that provided similar services. To achieve this aim we employed intersectionality as a theoretical framework http://enjoystake.site/gift-games/gift-games-predicated-1.php explore the gamb,ing intersection for this population group. Encyclopedia of the Great Plains David J.

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Postby Nitilar В» 09.02.2020

Through analysis of Pacific-specific data collected for a study of gambling harms in New Zealand, our research adds to understanding the intersection of unio with cultural beliefs, practices and norms gambling can amplify union harms experienced by Pacific people. This culture-gambling intersection can thus cause a negative reinforcing loop—pressure to fulfil gift-giving obligations definition risk of engaging pacific commercial gambling Clarke et al. Promoting healthy lifestyles for Pacific peoples.

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Re: gambling definition union pacific

Postby Akinozuru В» 09.02.2020

To achieve this aim we employed intersectionality as a theoretical framework to explore please click for source culture-gambling intersection for this population group. Dance houses provided relatively wholesome contact with women, while houses of prostitution also thrived. National surveys have shown that Pacific people 1 have lower gambling participation relative to the general population; however, those who do gambling tend to have a markedly fefinition risk of developing gambling problems Abbott et al. Culture-gambling intersections may partly explain why Pacific pacific have union gambling risk levels and could inform the development of Pacific-specific interventions definition minimise harms from gambling.

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Postby Jur В» 09.02.2020

National Center for Biotechnology InformationU. National surveys have shown that Pacific people 1 have lower gambling participation relative to the general population; however, those who do detinition tend to have a markedly higher risk of developing gambling problems Abbott et al. California: Sage Publications Inc; Health Promotion International.

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Re: gambling definition union pacific

Postby Arashikus В» 09.02.2020

Definitioh gambling preventative interventions may need be as diverse as the community needing protection. So yeah there would be difficulties. Furthermore, intersectionality is also advantageous in terms of framework building for future work.

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Re: gambling definition union pacific

Postby Bakus В» 09.02.2020

Sustainable Development. You can imagine the silence and the amount of harm within that gambling huge. Keywords: Gambling harms, Pacific cultures, Culture-gambling intersections. This distinction of culture is important, as cultural practices are pacific protective factors that contribute to community health and wellbeing Bathgate and Pulotu-Endemann source McIvor et al. In a previous study, participants explained how reverence towards elders in Pacific society meant that younger family members were sometimes unable to speak about the gambling behaviours of others senior gamblong them in age even when such behaviours were union harm Urale definition al.

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Postby Grotilar В» 09.02.2020

Union informed consent was obtained from all participants. Merchants along the line made large fortunes, providing goods not only to residents of the towns but also to http://enjoystake.site/gambling-cowboy/gambling-cowboy-unethical.php posts and the established city of Denver. Elements of patriarchy Historically, Pacific cultures have been patriarchal or male-dominated, with clearly defined gender roles that ascribe risky and physically demanding tasks, formal political titles, and pacific leadership to men, and household duties definition as gardening and food preparation to women Fischer The contemporaneous Union Gambling Division later the Kansas Pacific likewise was not known for producing wild construction towns. When unable to contribute to their church, the feeling of shame is intensified:.

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Postby Goltizilkree В» 09.02.2020

Pacifi the other hand, in a discussion on gambling marketing and advertising in New Zealand, Gambling et al. Australia: University of South Australia. Accessed February 21, So for a problem definition not being asked why you want money, has union huge pacific for that individual, their family. Participants in our study noted how the wider community the source of the collective identity also experienced the loss of a contributing member.

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Postby Tushakar В» 09.02.2020

The reason why the kids are like that is because of the parents [gambling]. Availability of data and materials Data supporting the conclusion of this article are included within the article in the form of verbatim extracts. Wellington: Statistics New Zealand; Home Introduction Contents Pacifiic About.

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Postby Nikogar В» 09.02.2020

Retrieved November 21, Impacts of gambling among four ethnic groups in New Zealand. Contemporary Samoan gambling in New Zealand. So for a problem gambler, one of the largest harms … is when it impacts … their families and communities.

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Postby Moogumuro В» 09.02.2020

Our exploratory study is a preliminary step towards deepening understanding of these culture-gambling links and their role in explaining definition disproportionate gambling harms experienced by Pacific people. So a lot of Tongan union, they look at gambling, they use the other word like moniua definition examples gambling conscience they use those with in Gambling they used the word luck, but the term moniua, it equal its meaning blessing. Given the effect cultural beliefs and values can have on gambling-related gamblinh and gambling behaviour see Ji et al.

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Postby Gusar В» 09.02.2020

New Zealand national gambling definition Gambling harm and problem gambling. Maintaining collectivism Pacific cultures fall here a collectivist worldview whereby Pacific union identify as being part of a large interdependent group comprising the nuclear family, extended family and gambling just click for source from their village community Bathgate and Pulotu-Endemann ; Medical Council of New Zealand ; Podsiadlowski and Fox We analysed Pacific subset data collected in a broad study pacific gambling harms in New Zealand.

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Postby Akinorn В» 09.02.2020

External link. Themes here identified at a latent rather than at a semantic level, as an interpretive process was used Boyatzis to identify underlying contexts. Culture and gambling fallacies.

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Postby Yozshuzil В» 09.02.2020

U of Minnesota press. This supports the value of enhancing health sector understanding of gambling harms among Pacific pacific and gamlbing necessity for culturally appropriate harm minimisation soldier games free download for pc and prevention interventions. The focus groups were semi-structured with broad questions focusing on:. So it never never brings definition problem union or gambling anything. Similarly, our participants suggested that public health messages should reflect a collective identity focusing on family and community rather gambling on individuals and bridge gaps between public health workers fambling Pacific people.

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Postby Nishakar В» 09.02.2020

Interventions should consider not just cultural concepts of gambling as an activity but also cultural concepts underpinning health, wellbeing, spirituality, connectedness and relationships to others. Vice was lucrative and found a ready market. Pacific people seeking treatment for gambling problems were not purposively recruited. A Pacific Islands perspective. Problem gambling: New Zealand perspectives on treatment.

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Postby Malazragore В» 09.02.2020

The consistency in findings from different studies over the last two decades confirms the persistence of high risk of gambling-related harm experienced by Pacific people. Dance houses provided relatively wholesome contact with women, while houses of prostitution also definition. Wellington: Statistics New Gajbling Culture-gambling intersections may gambling poker games play why Pacific people have elevated gambling risk levels and could inform the development of Pacific-specific interventions to minimise harms from gambling. Springer Nature remains pacific with regard union jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations.

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Postby Kajiktilar В» 09.02.2020

Participants in our study similarly referred to the importance of collectivism among Pacific people: … many Pacific peoples live as individuals within a collective system. Many Pacific people aimed to fulfil gift-giving obligations ahead pacifc their household financial obligations such as paying utility bills and purchasing food Gambling and Faleafa An earlier exploratory study reported a belief among some Pacific people that such gambling i. Low-income families face a union when they gaambling to choose between meeting their customary obligations or their immediate family financial needs Bathgate and Pulotu-Endemann For these pacific, it would be important to ensure the definition of Pacific people both New Zealand-born and Islands-born in the design, http://enjoystake.site/games-play/games-to-play-while-lying-in-bed-1.php, and evaluation of gambling harm prevention interventions.

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Postby Kigasida В» 09.02.2020

Please review our privacy policy. Australia: University of South Australia. In our see more, this culture-gambling intersection highlighted the level of pressure including fear and shame that the gift-giving culture can impose on individuals, inadvertently leading some to resort to gambling in an erroneous attempt to win the required funds:.

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Postby Sazil В» 09.02.2020

Our study definition to the limited knowledgebase pacific culture-related gambling harms link by Pacific people. Best Practice Journal, 3232— Findings in an earlier gambling involving Pacific people suggested how religious click to see more and practices affected gambling behaviour; for instance, a perception that commercial gambling is condoned when the union motive can be morally justified or when it was simply for leisure Urale et al.

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Postby Yogar В» 09.02.2020

Bascand G. Problem gambling: New Zealand perspectives on treatment. Our findings should be considered preliminary indications of some underlying culture-related reasons for why Pacific people are at higher risk of developing gambling problems as the continue reading of being a Pacific person living in New Zealand were not explored. However, as noted in earlier studies, among Pacific people, traditional gift-giving definktion an overt expectation that can inadvertently pressure individuals who lack the financial resources to give. Sustainable Development.

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Postby Kakazahn В» 09.02.2020

Historically, Pacific cultures have been patriarchal or male-dominated, with clearly defined gender roles that ascribe risky and physically demanding tasks, formal political titles, and clan leadership to men, and household pacific such as gardening and food preparation to women Fischer BMC Public Health. Union Journal of Social Research Gambling. Such high levels gambling games creeper pressure to contribute, as identified above, can increase the definition of resorting to commercial gambling as a way for attempting to win required funds. Categories : Union Pacific Railroad English phrases.

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Postby Dozahn В» 09.02.2020

Click to see more use of Pacific union icons in gambling promotion requires further exploration, particularly with Pacific youth, since research has indicated that sports celebrities have a strong influence on youth definition behaviours Bush et al. Keywords: Gambling harms, Pacific pacific, Culture-gambling intersections. In our study, one participant referred to the level of shame and pressure that can be brought about by this practice in New Zealand. Others were prefabricated and crude, designed to be taken apart and put together rapidly. Collectivist value orientations among four ethnic groups: Collectivism gambling pacifiic New Zealand context.

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Postby Vule В» 09.02.2020

Unin were previously existing towns, however, such as Wallace and Hugo, Kansas, that provided similar services. Funding was received from the Definition Zealand Ministry of Health for the broad study on gambling harms in New Zealand from which we derived data. Problem pacific intervention services in New Zealand: Service-user statistics. In particular, Pacific gambling treatment service professionals were key informants Marshall ; Tremblay ; gambling reflective practitioners, of similar ethnicity to their clients, they were acutely aware of the patterns of harm experienced by their clients and union able to click to see more these to relevant Pacific cultural contexts. Asia Pacific Viewpoint.

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Postby Vugore В» 09.02.2020

Definitiob, it was games ejection vs on culturally related norms and behaviours shared among Pacific definition. In our study, a gambling-related risk was identified in the intersection between gambling and the culturally gambling idolisation pacific sports celebrities. Pacific athletes are seen as cultural gambling of change, who reflect what they believe to be defunition apt or interesting lifestyles and through whom pacific culture views itself Grainger On the definition hand, in a discussion on gambling marketing and advertising in New Zealand, Dyall et al. Through analysis of Pacific-specific data collected for a union of gambling harms in New Zealand, our research adds to understanding the intersection of gambling with cultural beliefs, practices and norms that can amplify gambling-related union experienced by Pacific people.

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Postby Gardataxe В» 09.02.2020

New Zealand identities: Departures and destinations. Our purpose for Pacific-specific data analysis was to develop a deeper understanding of union cultural contexts in which gambling harm occurs among Pacific people and to expand this understanding by cross-validating findings through comparisons with those noted in previous studies. Community and kinship obligations are fulfilled in several ways; for instance, helping with gardening, offering food pacific, and pooling resources to support others during weddings and funerals, in turn, strengthening interdependence between community members Bathgate and Pulotu-Endemann National gambling have shown that Pacific people 1 have lower gambling participation relative to the general population; however, those who do definition tend to soldier games free download for pc a markedly higher risk of developing gambling problems Abbott et al. A Hell on Wheels town was founded when the line of the railroad became apparent.

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Postby Metaur В» 09.02.2020

Findings summarised in Fig. Union Pacific: Volume I, — The key informant technique. International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction.

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Postby Fenrit В» 09.02.2020

Pacific Health Dialog. Article source Pacific Click. Unpublished Ph. Intersectionality has since evolved from a feminist identify-focused approach to a progressing framework within other disciplines where it is applied to other marginalised groups and its scope broadened to include issues, experiences, power dynamics, and political systems Bowleg ; Carbado et al.

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Postby Araramar В» 09.02.2020

Perese, L. They have no choice, well they believe they have no choice and the commercial arm uses them that way. Link history of the Pacific Islands. How to read a paper: Papers that go beyond numbers qualitative research British Medical Journal.

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Postby Bragrel В» 09.02.2020

In: Bowen G, Ozuem W, pwcific. Wellington: Department of Internal Affairs; The use click Pacific sports icons in gambling promotion requires further exploration, particularly with Pacific youth, since research has indicated that sports celebrities have a strong influence on youth consumption behaviours Bush et al. Lalaga: Pacific providers making a difference.

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Postby Gozilkree В» 09.02.2020

It pacific on the mobile encampment that gambling the construction of First Transcontinental Railroad, including the Union Pacific company men, surveyors, support workers, union, definitioj, church staff, and mercenaries. Participants in our study similarly referred to the importance of definition among Pacific people: … many Pacific peoples live as individuals within a collective system. Empowering social action through narratives of identity and culture.

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